INNOVATIVE TOOLS AND TECHNOLOGIES OF TECHNOGENIC SECURITY
New environmental regulations are adopted every five years in Europe. This leads to greater control over exhaust gas emissions from car engines. In connection with the deterioration of the economic situation in the world, an increase in fuel consumption, its quality becomes lower and therefore emissions become more. The deterioration of the ecological situation requires the introduction of stricter standards for emissions of toxic substances into the atmosphere. The source of a significant share of such emissions is the exhaust gases of motor vehicles, which are formed during the operation of internal combustion engines (ICE). Therefore, the task of increasing the efficiency of the internal combustion engine due to the completeness of fuel combustion is urgent. Various devices are known to solve this problem, including a recirculation system, various intake and exhaust valves, particulate filters (DPF) and others, but all this did not and does not completely solve the main task – the comprehensive improvement of the internal combustion engine. The authors drew attention to the use of magnetic fuel processing as a promising way to increase the efficiency of engines. The proposed work presents a technical solution to the above-mentioned problem due to magnetic field treatment of liquid hydrocarbons, which are widely used as fuel. The technical result is achieved due to the fact that a gradient magnetic field is created in the device for fuel modification (processing) in the entire working volume of the case, i. e., in the device, the fuel movement channel is exposed to magnetic force lines along its entire length. Such an organization of the magnetic system contributes to the improvement of the physico-chemical parameters of the processed fuel, in particular its density, calorific value and, as a result, to the reduction of fuel consumption. An analysis of the operation of automobile internal combustion engines was performed, and a physical result was obtained during the practical operation of automobiles in different temperature and climatic conditions. A device is proposed that allows you to increase engine power and reduce the toxicity of exhaust gases while significantly reducing fuel consumption.
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